Strengthening Innovation for the Prosperity of Nations

About the Authors...

Laura Altinger

Laura Altinger serves as Economic Advisor in the Office of the Director, Environment, Housing and Land Management Division at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), and focuses on climate change and green economy issues. Previously, as Research Director, she played a key role in creating the Humanitarian Response Index, endorsed by Kofi Annan. In 2006, she worked as Associate Director at the World Economic Forum, contributing to a number of publications and underlying indexes, including the Global Competitiveness Report 2006–2007, the Global Gender Gap Study 2006, the Latin America Review 2006, and the Global Information Technology Report 2006. She served six years at the United Nations, preparing various editions of the Economic Survey of Europe and analytical studies on environmental issues for the Aarhus Convention Secretariat. She has also held positions at the European Commission in Kenya and the Council of the European Union. Laura holds a PhD from the London Business School, an MA from the University of Cambridge, an MSc from Bristol University and a Graduate Diploma of Law from the College of Law, London. She recently co-founded the London Business School Carbon Club, and acts as its co-President.

Ester Basri

Ester Basri is a Senior Analyst in the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry. She is responsible for the Working Group on Research Institutions and Human Resources (RIHR), which analyses institutional, regulatory, and management issues facing governments as they aim to strengthen the capabilities of their public research institutions. Ester is the coordinator of the Science, Technology and Industry Outlook publication and has worked on a number of horizontal projects within the OECD including the Tertiary Education Review. She is co-leading the work on human capital for the OECD’s Innovation Strategy. Prior to joining the OECD in 2006, Ester managed an academic research centre at the University of Western Sydney, was the manager of the Innovation Analysis Section at the Australian Department of Industry and was part of the Prime Minister’s Mapping Science and Innovation Taskforce at the Education and Science Ministry. She holds a PhD from the Australian National University.

Sarah Box

Sarah Box is an economist in the OECD's Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry. Her current role involves analyzing issues related to human capital and innovation, as well as public research organizations. She also contributes to the Directorate’s regular examination of trends, prospects, and policy directions in science, technology, and industry. Prior to joining the OECD, Sarah began her career as an analyst at the New Zealand Treasury, where she undertook research on such topics as economic geography and economic integration. She also provided policy advice on telecommunications and regional, industry, and economic development. Following this, she worked as a Senior Research Economist for the Australian Government Productivity Commission, where she co-authored analytical reports providing policy advice on microeconomic issues. She holds Master of Commerce and Bachelor of Commerce (Honours) degrees in economics from the University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Simon Commander

Simon Commander is Managing Partner of Altura Advisers and Senior Adviser at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London. Between 1999 and 2008, he was a faculty member and Director of the Centre for New and Emerging Markets at London Business School. He holds a BA from Oxford University and a PhD from Cambridge University. He previously worked for over a decade at the World Bank in Washington, DC, in research, training and operations, while serving in a range of university posts. He has published widely in peer-reviewed research journals as well as books.

Alexander Ebner

Alexander Ebner is Professor of Socio-Economics at Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He has also held teaching and research positions at Jacobs University Bremen, the University of Erfurt in Germany, and the Grenoble École de Management in France. Dr. Ebner maintains research affiliations with the University of California at Berkeley and the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore. His main research interests focus on innovation, governance, and international development. He is the author of Embedded Entrepreneurship (Routledge) and co-edited the volume Institutions of the Market (Oxford University Press). He received his PhD in economics and political science from Goethe University.

Anil Gupta

Anil K. Gupta is a professor at the Centre for Management in Agriculture of the Indian Institute of Management, and Coordinator of the Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable Technologies and Institutions (SRISTI) and the Honey Bee Network of India. Dr. Gupta has devoted himself to analyzing the indigenous knowledge of farmers, artisans, and pastoralists, building bridges to science-based knowledge, and to ensuring that grassroots innovators are both encouraged and given credit for the results of their initiative and creativity. For his unique work in this area, Professor Gupta was elected at a young age to India's National Academy of Agricultural Sciences and received a Pew Conservation Scholar Award from University of Michigan. He was judged one of the 50 most influential people in the field of intellectual property rights in the world in 2003 and was accorded the Padma Shri National Award by the President of India for distinguished achievements in the field of management education. Prof. Gupta earned an MA in Biochemical Genetics in 1974 from Haryana Agricultural University, Haryana, and his PhD in management from Kurukshetra University (India) in 1986.

Markus Haacker

Markus Haacker is a growth and development economist based in London. From 1999–2008, he worked at the International Monetary Fund, mainly at the African Department. Since 2008, he has been an Honorary Lecturer at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and as a consultant to the World Bank. His work on the macroeconomic aspects of information and communication technologies includes contributions to the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook and the Global Information Technology Report published by the World Economic Forum. Other notable work includes several publications on macroeconomic and fiscal aspects of HIV/AIDS and the response to HIV/AIDS, notably the "Macroeconomics of HIV/AIDS," published by the IMF. Dr. Haacker is chairman of the German publishing house ARCO. He holds a PhD in Economics from the London School of Economics.

Alan Hughes

Alan Hughes is Margaret Thatcher Professor of Enterprise Studies at the Judge Business School and Director of the Centre for Business Research at the University of Cambridge, where he is also a Fellow of Sidney Sussex College. He is the Director of the UK Innovation Research Centre, a joint venture between Cambridge and Imperial College, London. He has worked extensively on the role of universities in innovation and on the nature of knowledge exchange patterns between universities and the science base. His work in this area with colleagues at the Centre for Business Research, Cambridge, and at the Industrial Performance Center at MIT has been published in the report by Cosh, Hughes and Lester UK PLC: Just How Innovative Are We? He is currently completing an analysis on university-industry links at national and regional levels (University-Industry Knowledge Exchange: Demand Pull, Supply Push and the Public Space Role of Higher Education Institutions in the UK Regions). In 2004 he was appointed by the Prime Minister of the UK to membership of the UK’s senior policy advisory body, the Council for Science and Technology.

Adam Jaffe

Adam B. Jaffe is Fred C. Hecht Professor in Economics and Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Brandeis University. He was previously Professor and Chair of the Economics Department, having come to Brandeis in 1994 from Harvard University. A graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (SB in Chemistry, 1976; SM in Technology and Policy, 1978) and Harvard University (PhD in in Economics, 1985), Jaffe is the author of two books: Patents, Citations and Innovations: A Window on the Knowledge Economy (with Manuel Trajtenberg, 2002), and Innovation and Its Discontents: How Our Broken Patent System is Endangering Innovation and Progress and What to Do About It (with Josh Lerner, 2004). He was a co-founder of the Innovation Policy and the Economy group of the National Bureau of Economic Research and served as senior staff economist at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers (1990–91). Research interests include intellectual property, science and technology policy, and innovation related to environment and energy.

Christopher Jahns

Christopher Jahns is President of the European Business School (EBS) at the International University in Wiesbaden/Oestrich-Winkel. From 2006 to 2009, he served as Dean and CEO of EBS, during which time he was founder of the House of Logistics and Mobility (HOLM), the first European logistics and mobility campus planned at Frankfurt Airport. Since 2007, he has been a Visiting Professor at the Indian Institute of Management in Bangalore and Lomonosov University, in Moscow. Dr. Jahns has trained hundreds of executives in international corporations and MBA programmes in BRIC countries. From 1998 to 2003, he was Lecturer and Research Associate in the MBA Program in International Management at Munich Technical University, and Lecturer in General Management for Executives in the Management Programme in St. Gallen, Switzerland. His research interests include intercultural, strategic, financial, global supply, innovation, and human resource management, organizational change, and strategies and methods for logistics service providers, in cooperation with international researchers at Harvard Business School, Erasmus University in Rotterdam, the Copenhagen Business School, and the Management Development Institute in New Delhi. He is currently Chairman of the Board of BrainNet Supply Management Group AG, a leading consulting and training company, specializing in procurement, logistics, and supply-chain management. Dr. Jahns holds a Ph.D. in Business Administration from the Technical University of Munich.

Daniel Kaufmann

Daniel Kaufmann is a Senior Fellow in the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution. Most recently, he served as Director in the World Bank Institute, where he pioneered new approaches to measure and analyze governance and corruption, helping countries formulate action programs. Well known for his writing on governance, corruption, and development, Kaufmann and his colleagues have pioneered new approaches to the diagnosis and analysis of country governance. At the World Bank, he also held senior positions focused on finance, regulation, anti-corruption, and capacity building for Latin America. After working as a senior economist in Africa, he served as lead economist both in economies-in-transition and in the World Bank's research department. In the early 1990s, Kaufmann was the first Chief of Mission of the World Bank to the Ukraine, and then held a visiting position at Harvard University, prior to resuming his career at the World Bank. His research on economic development, governance, the unofficial economy, macro-economics, investment, corruption, privatization, and urban and labor economics has been published in leading journals. Kaufmann is a Chilean national who received his MA and PhD in Economics at Harvard, and a BA in Economics and Statistics from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Mohsen Khalil

Mohsen Khalil is a joint Director at the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) of the Global Information and Communication Technologies Department. He oversees the World Bank Groups activities concerning telecommunications and information technologies world-wide, advising governments on sector reforms, regulatory frameworks, and institutional capacity building, in addition to supporting private investments in developing countries. Dr. Khalil held the post of Director of IFC's Central Asia, Middle East and North Africa Department, and as Chief Investment Officer in the Telecommunications, Transport, and Utilities Department. He was a Professor of Business at the American University of Beirut, and served as Chief Advisor to the Lebanese Minister of Post and Telecommunications, the Board Director of Lebanon's Autonomous Fund for Housing, and various governments and major corporations in the Middle East. He received an MSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, an MS from MIT Sloan School of Management, and a PhD in Electrical Engineering from the University of Southern California.

Josh Lerner

Josh Lerner is the Jacob H. Schiff Professor of Investment Banking at Harvard Business School, with a joint appointment in the Finance and Entrepreneurial Management Units. He graduated from Yale College with a Special Divisional Major that combined physics with the history of technology. Before obtaining his PhD in economics at Harvard, he worked for several years on issues concerning technological innovation and public policy, at the Brookings Institution, for a public-private task force in Chicago, and on Capitol Hill. Dr. Lerner focuses on the world of alternative investments, with a particular emphasis on venture capital and private equity, and how public policies can boost entrepreneurship and technological and financial innovation. He is leading an international team of scholars in a multi-year study of the future of alternative investments for the World Economic Forum. He is the author (with Adam Jaffe) of Innovation and Its Discontents, a textbook Venture Capital and Private Equity: A Casebook, and many articles published in academic journals.

Augusto Lopez-Claros

Augusto López-Claros is honorary professor at the European Business School in Frankfurt. He is also the founder of EFD–Global Consulting Network, an international consultancy specializing in economic, financial, and development issues. From 2003 to 2006, he was Chief Economist and Director of the Global Competitiveness Program at the World Economic Forum in Geneva, where he led the effort to expand the international profile of the Forum's work on issues of economic growth and productivity. At the Forum, he served as Editor of the Forum's Global Competitiveness Report and a number of other publications exploring issues of growth and development in various regions of the world and the impact of innovation, technology, and gender on economic growth. Before joining the Forum, he was Executive Director and Senior International Economist with Lehman Brothers International (London), and Resident Representative of the International Monetary Fund in the Russian Federation (Moscow) from 1992 to 1995. Prior to joining the IMF, he was Professor of Economics at the University of Chile in Santiago. He has written and lectured extensively in the United States, Europe, Latin America, Africa, and Asia on a broad range of subjects, including aspects of economic reform in transition economies, economic integration, the role of technology and innovation in advancing the development process, interdependence and cooperation, governance, gender, and the role of international organizations. Dr. López-Claros received his PhD in Economics from Duke University and a diploma in Mathematical Statistics from Cambridge University.

Yasmina Mata

Yasmina N. Mata is a consultant with EFD—Global Consulting Network, formerly a researcher with the Center for Biological Research (CIB), which forms part of the National Research Council, in Madrid. She collaborates with the Extractive Metallurgy Research Group of Complutense University. She is pursuing a career as an independent consultant, offering scientific, academic, and research knowledge in areas of innovation not traditionally linked to natural sciences, and bridging different scientific and academic disciplines. She has published a number of papers in specialized journals about the biosorption processes of heavy and precious metals with biomass. Dr. Mata received two undergraduate degrees in Biology and a PhD in Science from Complutense University.

Ellen Olafsen

Ellen Olafsen is an Operations Officer at infoDev, a multi-donor partnership for technology-enabled innovation hosted by the World Bank. Her responsibilities include managing infoDev’s networks on business incubation in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East, which together comprise almost 200 business incubators in 80 developing countries. She also leads a team of business incubation experts that help least-developed countries plan and operate their business incubators effectively. Previously, Ellen worked for the Grassroots Business Initiative of the International Finance Corporation, and for the Development Gateway, where she led global communities of practice on microfinance and the knowledge economy. Ellen has an MBA in International Finance and an MA in International Affairs, focused on small and medium enterprise development in Africa. She received the Hall of Nations Award for scholarly promise from American University.

Hernán Rincón

Hernán Rincón is President of Microsoft Latin America, responsible for both the long-term business and people strategy for 46 countries and territories in Latin America and the Caribbean, including hiring and retaining talented individuals and senior executives. He oversees all sales, marketing, and services operations and, as an ambassador for Microsoft, is engaged in the Corporate Citizenship programs that enable jobs, opportunities, and local innovation to support the economic and social development of Latin America. Earlier, he served as the Sales and Marketing Vice President for Microsoft Latin America. Prior to joining Microsoft, Mr. Rincón was President and CEO of Ferag Americas (a Swiss company specializing in state-of-the-art, high-tech solutions for the print media industry) and held several executive positions at Unisys global headquarters in Pennsylvania, USA. After completing a BA in Mathematics and Computer Science from the State University of New York, he received an MA from Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government and an MA in Science from the Andes University, in Colombia. As Citizenship Ambassador, Mr. Rincón is closely involved with the education and technology access initiatives which are helping the children and families in Latin America to realize their full potential.

Andrew Stirling
Andrew Stirling is Science Director at SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex), and co-directs the Economic and Social Research Council STEPS Centre. Formerly a Director of Greenpeace International, he has since collaborated with a range of government, industry, and public interest organisations. His research interests focus on technological risk, innovation policy, scientific uncertainty, and democratic governance in a number of sectors, including energy, chemicals, nuclear systems, medicine, and food. Dr. Stirling has been involved in developing participatory appraisal methods, as well as general frameworks for implementing the Precautionary Principle and analyzing diversity, flexibility, and resilience in technology and research. He has served on a number of policy advisory committees, including the UK Government Advisory Committee on Toxic Substances and GM Science Review Panel, the European Commission Expert Group on Science and Governance, the Department for the Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs’ Science Advisory Council, and the Sciencewise Panel of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.

Florian Taube

Florian Täube is Assistant Professor of Growth Management at the Strascheg Institute of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (SIIE) at the European Business School (EBS) in Germany. Before joining EBS in 2008, Dr. Täube was with the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Group at the Tanaka Business School, Imperial College, London. His research interests lie at the intersection of entrepreneurship, economic geography, organization theory, and international business. Using mainly qualitative methods, he focuses his studies on the internationalization of project-based industries, particularly those related to IT, film, pharmaceuticals, and construction. He has had a long-standing interest is India, where he works with the evolution of the Bangalore IT cluster, and on a collaborative project on the organization, networks and growth strategies of the Indian film and pharmaceutical industries. During his doctoral studies, he was a Visiting Scholar to the Indian Institute of Science and The Wharton School. Dr. Täube has published articles in the Journal of International Management and Environment and Planning. He holds a PhD in Economics from Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Frankfurt, Germany.

Copyright © 2009
The Innovation for Development Report
Augusto López-Claros, Editor